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Where Does the Money Come From for Mortgage Loans?

In the olden days, when someone wanted a home loan they walked downtown to the neighborhood bank or savings & loan. If the bank had extra funds lying around and considered you a good credit risk, they would lend you the money from their own funds.

It doesn’t generally work like that anymore. Most of the money for home loans comes from three major institutions:

  • Fannie Mae (FNMA - Federal National Mortgage Association)
  • Freddie Mac (FHLMC - Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation)
  • Ginnie Mae (GNMA - Government National Mortgage Association)

This is how it works:

You talk to practically any lender and apply for a loan. They do all the processing and verifications and finally, you own the house with a home loan and regular mortgage payments. You might be making payments to the company who originated your loan, or your loan might have been transferred to another institution. The institution where you mail your payments is called the servicer, but most likely they do not own your loan. They are simply servicing your loan for the institution that does own it.

What happens behind the scenes is that your loan got packaged into a pool with a lot of other loans and sold off to one of the three institutions listed above. The servicer of your loan gets a monthly fee from the investor for servicing your loan. This fee is usually only 3/8ths of a percent or so, but the amount adds up. There are companies that service over a billion dollars of home loans and it is a tidy income.

At the same time, whichever institution packaged your loan into the pool for Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or Ginnie Mae, has received additional funds with which to make more loans to other borrowers. This is the cycle that allows institutions to lend you money.

What Freddie Mac, Ginnie Mae, and Fannie Mae may do after they purchase the pools is break them down into smaller increments of $1,000 or so, called mortgage-backed securities. They sell these mortgage-backed securities to individuals or institutions on Wall Street. If you have a 401K or mutual fund, you may even own some. Perhaps you have heard of Ginnie Mae bonds? Those are securities backed by the mortgages on FHA and VA loans.

These bonds are not ownership in your loan specifically, but a piece of ownership in the entire pool of loans, of which your loan is only one among many. By selling the bonds, Ginnie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Fannie Mae obtain new funds to buy new pools so lenders can get more money to lend to new borrowers.

And that is how the cycle works.

So when you make your payment, the servicer gets to keep their tiny part and the majority is passed on to the investor. Then the investor passes on the majority of it to the individual or institutional investor in the mortgage backed securities.

From time to time your loan may be transferred from the company where you have been making your payment to another company. They aren’t selling your loan again, just the right to service your loan.

There are exceptions.

Loans above $333,700 do not conform to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac guidelines, which is why they are called non-conforming loans, or “jumbo” loans. These loans are packaged into different pools and sold to different investors, not Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae. Then they are securitized and for the most part, sold as mortgage backed securities as well.

This buying and selling of mortgages and mortgage-backed securities is called mortgage banking, and it is the backbone of the mortgage business.

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Sandra Cullinan
Vice President/Associate Broker

Meybohm Real Estate
6004 Evans Town Center Blvd.
Evans, GA 30809
Office: 706-863-8218 
Extension: 2471
Fax:  706-855-7847
Cell:  706-533-3353
Email:  scullinan@meybohm.com

 

Testimonials

Sandra was very friendly, helpful and honest, she worked very hard! Mr. Schlabach
Sandra was very helpful and made sure that we understood everything that was going on during the whole process. We had a great experience with her. She also kept us very informed through the whole process. She was very friendly and knew exactly what she was talking about when it came to helping us out. We would recommend her to anyone! She is AWESOME!! Mr. Lunz
Sandra did a terrific job! We were under tight time constraints and she made sure we saw lots of homes- all of which met the criteria we provided! Mr. Guay and Mrs. Madden
Sandra Cullinan was wonderful! She made my first home buying experience wonderful as well! Great job! Ms. Altman
Sandra Cullinan is by far the best agent I have worked with in over 7 home purchases! Great experience! She is very knowledgeable in the market, best in the Augusta area! Mr. Allen T. Berry
Sandra Cullinan made our selling and buying a smooth transition. I have recommended her to several friends. She was WONDERFUL! I have dealt with other real estate companies. Meybohm has been the best! Communication was excellent!! Thank you Meybohm!! Mr. and Mrs. Chris Pryor
Sandra had excellent knowledge of the local real estate market, builders and neighborhoods. We looked at a lot of houses and I got a great house at a good price. Cannot ask for much more than that! Mr. Brett A. Paye
I would recommend Sandra because she was knowledgeable regarding short sale and other services I wanted to take advantage of. Also, she and her assistant Andrea consistantly handled themselves professionally and friendly. Not only did we give them a deadline that we had to sell due to military, there was also the added irritant of Chase Bank. With all this, yet Sandra met every challenge and excelled. Thank you. Mr. and Mrs. William T. Payne
Excellent service, friendly and knowledgeable! Mr. and Mrs. Marc Gianotli
Sandra Cullinan was a great help to us and was looking out for us with the sale. We have sold a home and purchased a home with Sandra. When we are ready to sell again (2-5 years), we will search out Sandra Cullinan. Mr. and Mrs. David A. Pierce
Sandra Cullinan is the best realtor in all of Augusta, maybe even the country. What a wonderful, caring, knowledgeable agent she is and truly an asset to Meybohm Realty- She ROCKS! Marilyn B. Altman
Sandra Cullinan went above and beyond her duties. She is a God send person. I will have her to purchase a new house in the future. Thank you for all your services. Patricia Washington
During our house hunting process we were able to see many homes without feeling the pressure of closing the deal. Our agent's goal was for us to find the right house and not just sell a house. Mr. Saman Nazar Zangana
Honest, great knowledgeable sales people Pamela B. Kennedy
Prompt service Tony E. Meade
Very early as we were simply being introduced to Augusta and the real estate market, we were not particularly pleased with service. With our connection to Sandra Cullinan however, we found energy and an accurate assessment of what our thoughts on what we bought. Mr. and Mrs. David L. Barcus
Sandra and Andrea were very helpful throughout the entire process. They constantly communicated with me via email and phone calls while I was doing my house hunting. My wife and I are very pleased with our new home! Thanks Sandra, Andrea and Meybohm! Mr. Anthony Weaver
Sandra and Andrea did a great job! Jill Churchill
Our home buying experience went very smooth. Mr. and Mrs. Hyun Ha
Excellent service, very knowledgeable and professional service, will definitely use Meybohm in the future! Ronald C. Blue
Sandra and Andrea were wonderful to work with. They made the entire process easy and stress free! Mr. and Mrs. Jansen Johnston
"It was so nice to find an agent like Sandra Cullinan. We lived out of the area and my husband was ill much of the time,This placed an added burden on Sandra to make sure that our property was always ready to show, which she handled with grace and compassion. When we needed to have repairs done she was our go between with the workers. She was always available by phone or email and was prompt in her response. I would highly recommend Sandra Cullinan to anyone needing a real estate agent. " Barbara Rollins, Orlando, Fl.
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